“The Years of the Mikvah

and the Measure of Man”


                        Learn a lesson from the Mikvah and its revelation of

                        Biblical end-time prophecy!  Here is another proof that

                        we are now in the “crisis at the close,” the beginning

                        of the New Age, and the period before the imminent

                        coming of the Messiah!


                                                William F. Dankenbring


Rabbi David Azulai (1724-1806) wrote prophetically, “The Days of Man are the measure of the Mikvah.  What does this mean?  With this Biblical insight, we can discern more accurately the end-time scenario of God’s prophecies and the “end” of this age.


The “mikvah” was the immersion pool used by God’s people in ancient times for purposes of purification.  Each morning, before beginning their priestly service at the Temple, the priests and Levites would immerse themselves in a mikvah bath at the Temple, to purify and cleanse themselves, so they were physically and ritually pure, before performing their priestly duties.  Also, each worshipper at the Temple was required to undergo a mikvah bath of iimmersion before coming onto the sacred Temple Mount.  Many of the ancient mikvah baths have been discovered by archaeologists at the base of the steps leading up to the southern portion of the Temple Mount. 


The Hebrew word mikvah literally means “something waited for, i.e., confidence; also a collection (i.e., of water), a pond, or a caravan or drove (of men and horses); abiding, gathering together, linen yarn, hope, plenty (of water), a pool.”  The mikvah designates the gathering together of water into a pool, in this case, for ritual purification, before coming before God at His Temple.  God says, “Nevertheless a fountain or pit, wherein there is plenty of water, shall be clean” (Lev.11:26).  The word “plenty” here is “mikvah,” meaning “a gathering together of waters.” 


The mikvah was the original symbol of “baptism” or “immersion.”  John the Baptist preached the “baptism” of repentance, which enjoined repentant sinners to plunge themselves beneath water in a pool, stream, or river.  He baptized many in the Jordan river, a natural “mikvah.”  Baptism is necessary to become a genuine follower and believer in the Messiah, Yeshua (Matt.28:19-20). 


Interestingly, on the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, the High Priest (Cohen Ha-gadol) of Israel was immersed in the mikvah at the Temple five different times in the course of his duties during the Holy Day ceremonies.   His first immersion occurred in the morning before he put on his glorious priestly garments, for the first service outside the Holy of Holies.  His second immersion in the mikvah took place when he changed into a simple white tunic, and linen trousers, and prepared to perform the service inside the Holy of Holies, coming before God Himself.  The High Priest then brought the blood of the sin offering of a bull, for himself and his family, before God’s Throne (in the Holy of Holies – Lev.16:4, 11-12).  He then emerged, entered the mikvah once again, and changed back to his glorious garments, to do service outside the Holy of Holies. 


The High Priest’s fourth immersion took place before he changed back into the white garments, to bring the blood of the sin offering – a goat -- for the people of Israel into the Holy of Holies (Lev.16:15-16).  The “goat for the LORD” symbolized Yeshua Ha Moshiach – Jesus the Christ, the Anointed One of God. This was the goat “for the LORD”, as opposed to the Azazel goat which was banished into the wilderness – a type of Satan the devil who will be banished into an abyss at the beginning of the reign of the Messiah (Rev.20:1-2).  Then, upon exiting the Holy of Holies, the high priest changed back into his normal high priestly garments, the fifth change, and performed his duties outside the Holy of Holies once again. 


Says Alfred Edersheim, in The Temple:  Its Ministry and Services, “Only while officiating in the distinctly expiatory services of the day did the high priest wear his ‘linen garments’; in all the others he was arrayed in his ‘golden vestments.’  This necessitated a frequent change of dress, and before each he bathed his whole body” (p.244).  Edersheim goes on, “Altogether he changed his garments and washed his whole body five times on that day, and his hands and feet ten times.  When the first dawn of morning was announced in the usual manner, the high priest put off his ordinary (layman’s) dress, bathed, put on his golden vestments, washed his hands and feet, and proceeded to perform all the principal parts of the ordinary morning service” (p.246).


The mikvah immersion was the forerunner or “type” of the ritual of baptism, as taught in the New Testament.  The apostle Peter told the crowds who heard him preach on the first Pentecost after the resurrection of Christ, “Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2:38). 


The apostle Paul pointed out the meaning of “baptism” --- its spiritual symbolism.  He wrote, “Do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death?  Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.  For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection, knowing this, that our old man was crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin” (Rom.6:3-6).


How, then, does the mikvah – symbol of baptism and renewal – reflect the days in which we live, and the coming of the Messiah?


The Measure of the Mikvah


            The mikvah pool in ancient times was a minimum of 40 seahs in volume of capacity.  To understand this, we begin with a simple “egg.”  To the ancient Hebrews, the egg was the smallest unit of volume measure and also symbolically represents an increment or unit of time. 


            A person can old 3 eggs in one hand; 6 eggs in two hands.  Six eggs is called a log.  Four logs comprise a cab of measure, or 24 eggs (4 x 6 = 24).  Six cabs (24 x 6) equals 144 eggs.  This is the volume of a seah.  Since there are 40 seahs in a mikvah, this means that a mivah (symbol of a larger unit or measure of time) equals (40 x 144) a total of 5760 eggs!  Thus, understanding that an “egg” represents a “year,” the mikvah period represents a time of 5760 YEARS in fulfillment!


            What is so significant about that?  Simply this:  The year 2000-2001 in the Jewish Calendar was the year 5760!


            Thus we have completed one complete TIME CYCLE of the Mikvah – one complete “baptism” or period of “immersion.”  The year 5760 was the final year of the preceding “mikvah period” – from the time of Creation to the END OF DAYS!


            Now, interestingly, this period of time began the year 3761 B.C.  But the chronology of James Ussher, the most accurate Biblical chronology I know, shows that Adam and Eve were created in the year 4004 B.C. – about 243 years earlier!  Or, if we count from the year Adam and Eve were banished from the Garden of Eden, having sinned against the Lord – seven years after they were created, to the very day, accoding to the book of Jubilees -- the year 3997 B.C. – then there were 236 years till the beginning of the Jewish calendar.  Why is this?  Obviously, something is wrong.  It has been pointed out that the Jewish calendar leaves out roughly 240 years during the kingdom of Persia, which could account for the error.  The reigns of many of the later Persian kings are omitted, thus telescoping the years. 


            However, another possibility is simply the fact that the Jewish calendar does not begin with creation itself, but with the creation (discovery) of the CALENDAR! That is, the calendar is what goes back to 3761 B.C.  That was the year in which it was devised by the sons of Adam, after studying the stars and their motions.  Adam was 130 years old when he begat Seth (Gen.5:3) in 3874 B.C.  Seth was 105 when he begat Enos in 3769 B.C. (Gen.5:6).  The year 3761 would have been during the time of Enos, grandson of Adam, son of Seth. 


            Josephus, in Antiquities of the Jews, tells us that Seth became a virtuous man, a man of excellent character, and his children imitated his virtues.  They also were the inventors of that peculiar sort of wisdom which is concerned with the HEAVENLY BODIES, and their ORDER” (bk.1, chap.2).  In other words, they studied astronomy and the motions of the stars and planets, and in their time the CALENDAR – based on the movements of heavenly bodies, and the earth’s movement along the ecliptic – was created!


            Thus it is very possible that the Jewish date of this present year being 5762 is really based on the beginning date of the Calendar – and not the creation of Adam and Eve, some 243 years earlier!


            Even so, it is indeed remarkable that man’s time on earth has fulfilled the MEASURE of the MIKVAH – 5760 “eggs” or years – plus 2!


            Does this not indicate, once more, that we are indeed living in the LAST DAYS – the “TIME OF THE END”?


                                                The Year 5760 in Prophecy


            Another Biblical "SIGN" points to our day as being the “Time of the End,” or the “crisis at the close” (Dan.12:9), or “crisis at the end” (Dan.12:4, Moffatt translation).


            We read in Deuteronomy 32:7, “Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations . . .”


            Jewish rabbis believe that the “days of old” are a reference to the “days of creation.”  If so, then there were six days of creation, each day with 24 hours -- or a total of 144 hours.  Let's apply these to the “years of many generations.”  Since a “generation” in Scripture is revealed to be 40 years (Num.14:34), then all we need to do is multiply 144 x 40 – as we have already seen, this equals 5,760.


            What is so significant about 5760?  Just this:  According to the Jewish calendar, the year 5760 began September 11, 1999 and lasted till September 30, 2000!


            What makes this story even more interesting is the fact that Jewish rabbis began counting the verses in the Hebrew text of the Torah -- the first five books of the Bible.  According to their simple count, Deuteronomy 32:7 -- the verse just mentioned -- is the 5,760th verse in the Bible!


            Is this mere “coincidence”?  Or is God showing us something here – something we are to “REMEMBER” and deeply “CONSIDER”?


            Could this be a prophecy for the future -- indicating that the Jewish year of 5760, which is the Roman year 2000, would be a “year to remember” -- a “year of consequences” -- a “year of the turning point” in prophecy?  Is this a year that sets apart “the end of days,” the “time of the end” – a year that CONCLUDES one time period (5760 years) and ushers in the NEXT period of time – the “time of Jacob’s Trouble,” and the final Seventieth Week of Daniel’s prophecy (Dan.9:24-27)?


            J. R. Church in Prophecy in the News quoted to a thirteenth century Jewish commentary as follows:  “The ‘days of old’ are the six days in which God made the world; and these days know and are acquainted with all the years of the world, and all generations up to this generation to which we ourselves belong” (R. Abba).


            J. R. Church then wrote:


                     “In other words, the six days of Creation, along with the seventh day wherein

                            God rested, represent a heavenly plan in which this present world should last

                            for seven thousand years -- that man's work will cease at the end of six-thousand

                            years , followed by a thousand years of utopian Divine rest.


                            “It is astounding that such a statement should appear in a verse that corresponds

                            to our calendar year 2000.  According to accepted biblical chronologies, 4,000

                            years transpired from the creation of Adam to the birth of Christ.  There have

                            been 2,000 years since then.


                            “Think of it!  We are approaching the conclusion of 6,000 years of human

                            history.  It is certainly time for us to consider those six Creation days” ( J.R.

                            Churc, “The Days of Old,” November 1998, Prophecy in the News, p.13-15).


                                                            The Year 5760 in Hebrew Gematria


            But there is even more to the story.  The numbers “5” and “7” in Hebrew numbers are represented by the letters Tau and Shin.  Together, these letters signify “in the days of,” or, “as it was in the days of.”  The number “60” in Hebrew is represented by the letter Samech.  This letter is shaped like an “O” in English, with a “hook” on the upper left, and represents a cycle, beginning and recycling at the “hook.”  It symbolizes the fundamental truth of the Word of God -- the whole Torah of God.  The “end” is connected to the beginning, and the beginning to the end.  Thus this letter signifies the end of a cycle and the beginning of a new cycle -- in other words, a fateful year of TRANSITION!


            The letter samech means “to support,” and “Divine presence.”  It can also mean “to rely on.”  It reflects the power of God to support His people -- shows that we can “rely on” God in time of need.  Thus the year 5760 was a year of transition from one time cycle to the next, from one mikvah to the next, separating the END from the next BEGINNING!  5760 in Hebrew gematria pictures “the days of divine support,” “divine presence,” “days of God’s protection,” “ending and beginning.”  During this time of transition and upheaval, the letter “samech” suggests that we will need to learn to RELY ON GOD AND HIS DIVINE PRESENCE FOR OUR SUPPORT DURING THESE COMING DAYS!


            The circular shape of samech also symbolizes a “wedding ring.”  This emphasizes the Church’s – the Bride’s -- relationship with the Bridegroom.  We are betrothed to Yeshua – and will become His Bride for all eternity, at His soon coming (Rev.19:6). 


            It is also interesting that the Aaronic blessing recited by the priests in the Temple of God consisted of sixty (60) Hebrew letters -- the numerical value of samech.  Also, since each hand has thirty (30) bones, when the priest raises his hands to bless the people, 60 bones are thus used in blessing.  The blessing reinforces the theme of “new beginning,” in the endless cycle represented by the letter samech.  This letter first appears in Scripture in Genesis 2:11 and 2:13, in the word sabab, meaning “to surround, compass, revolve, or border” (Strong's Concordance), referring to the rivers that flowed from and surrounded the Garden of Eden.  The river divided into four, and like the Word of God, represents the water of life that “surrounds all worlds.”  According to Rabbinic thinking, this is contained in the blessing when the Kohanim -- priests -- bless the people of God.


            Thus the “Year of Samech” -- the year 5760 in the Hebrew calendar -- is pregnant with powerful meanings and symbology!  Surely, we will need God's help and support more than ever as we pass through this NEW period following the fateful year 5760 – as we enter the portals of Daniel's 70th week – as we pass through the opening gates of the onrushing “time of Jacob’s trouble” and “time of the END”!   The world is going to experience a “chamber of horrors” called the Great Tribulation – a time of utter anguish and global suffering unparalleled in the history of mankind! 


            Says Vendyl Jones in Researcher, November 2001:


                        “Rabbi Azulai was also expressing a measurement of time in this manner

                                because of the egg-shaped elliptic orbit of the earth around the Sun represent-

                                ing a year.  Applying his precept would mean that man’s time was finally

                                filled up after 5760 eggs or years, as we have known them.


                                “The year 5760, on the Jewish calendar, began on March 22nd, 2000 and

                                ended March 21st, 2001[Jones bases this on the spring equinox being the

                                beginning of the SOLAR year, as opposed to the LUNAR year which begins

                                either Abib 1 or Tishri 1, spring-to-spring or fall-to-fall reckoning]. . .”


                Jones continues, a little further on:


                                “The Eggs of Time were cracked with the outbreak of the recent bloody

                                intifada in Israel at the end of 5760.  In fact, it occurred just a week before

                                Rosh Hashana, 5761.  Within less than a year, Amalek [haters of Israel

                                and God’s chosen people, descended from Esau, who intermarried with

                                Ishmael, the Arabs and Palestinians] struck the World Trade Center in

                                NYC and the Pentagon in Washington D.C.


                                “Since that day the media has repeatedly stated that, ‘we live in a different

                                world than we did before September 11, 2001.  The world will never be

                                the same again.  Be it known that September 11 was just the beginning

                                of changes in the World History of Man!” (page 1).


                Vendyl Jones points out that the Jubilees Calendar (the Solar calendar) begins with the spring equinox, sunset, March 21st, each year.  It is divided up into the 12 months (signs) of the Zodiac.  This may well have been the original calendar, and the calendar the prophets used.  This calendar would have had exactly 360 days (from whence we derive the 360 degrees in a full circle!), and is the basis of the “prophetic year” of 360 days.  This is evidently the calendar in the days of Noah, for we find that during the Flood there were 5 months which totaled 150 days – a total of 30 days per month (see Genesis 7:11, 24; 8:3-4).  This would strongly indicate that the orbit of the earth changed at some point since that time – perhaps when worldwide orogenies led to the break-up of the continents during the days of Peleg – “for in his days the earth was divided” (Gen.10:25).  Or, the change could have come during the miraculous, globe-effecting plagues which God poured out on Egypt during the deliverance of Israel from slavery by the hand of Moses (Exodus 5-15) – a phenomenal type of the plagues which will occur during the onrushing day of calamity known as the “Day of the Lord” (Rev.8-9, 16, 19).


            The Jubilee calendar months are each marked by a sign of the Zodiac.  Each month begins as the Sun moves into another Zodiacal sign.  At the present time, of course, the solar and lunar years are out of sequence.  The lunar year averages 354 days, whereas the solar year is 365.25 days in length.  Thus “time” has been or became  “out of joint’ during the previous “Mikvah” of years ending in 5760 (2000-2001 A.D.). 


            Will the “time clock” once again be reset in the future, at the coming of the Messiah? 


            We read in Acts, chapter three, these amazing words of Peter, which are especially meaningful for OUR end-time generation:


                        “Repent therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be

                        blotted out, so that times of refreshing may come from the

                        presence of the Lord, and that He may send Jesus Christ,

                        who was preached to you before, whom heaven must receive


                        which God has spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets,

                        since the world began” (Acts 3:19-20, NKJV).


            Speaking of the days in which we have now entered, Yeshua the Messiah declared:  “For nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.  And there will be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes in various places.  All these are the BEGINNING OF SORROWS . . .” (Matt.24:7-8).


            We have passed the turning point.  The days of change have arrived.  Its time to grab hold of your seats.  Strap yourselves in for the ride of your life.  No Disney-land wild ride like that of “Mr. Toad,” or any humongous roller-coaster ride, will be able to compare with the thrills, chills, perils and screams that lie ahead.  Batten down the doors and bolt the gates and protect the windows – for greatest “Hurricane” of all human history is about to descend upon this planet!


            May God help us to ENDURE to the END – and in His smoking wrath may He remember mercy!  “O Lord, revive Your work in the midst of the years!  In the midst of the years make it known; in wrath remember mercy” (Habakkuk 3:2).  “But we are not of those who draw back to perdition [destruction], but of those who believe to the saving of the soul” (Heb.10:39).