A Time for Self-Examination
Tammuz 17-Tisha B’Av -- “Between the Straits”
The time between Tammuz 17 and Tish B’Av is a most
amazing and remarkable time, known according to Jewish
Rabbis as “the time between the straits.” It has awesome,
mind-boggling significance for all mankind, and especially
for the saints of God, true believers and worshipers of the
Messiah! Are you now “between the straits”?
William F. Dankenbring
The middle of summer is a very interesting time of year to the Jews because during this time the three-week time period of national mourning between Tammuz 17 and the 9th of Av occurs – called “Time Between the Straits”.
Grant R. Jeffrey in July 1990, wrote a book entitled Armageddon, Appointment with Destiny. Even though the book is 17 years old, it has a very good summary of the events that happened during the time of Tammuz 17 and the 9th of Av.
It is interesting that there are four fast days mentioned in the Old Testament. In Zechariah 8:19 “fast of—(1) the 4th month (Tammuz), (2) the 5th month (AV), (3) of the 7th month (Gedeliah), (4) of the 10th month shall be joy and gladness and cheerful feasts to the house of Judah, therefore love truth and peace”. Today these days are of mourning and seeking repentance. In the world tomorrow, these days will be turned into joy and rejoicing. Why do the Jews fast on these days now in this generation?
The 17th of Tammuz Woes
of Tammuz in Jewish history was the day when Moses broke the tablets of the law
when he saw the idolatry of the golden calf, when he descended from
this same date in 586-7 B.C., king Nebuchadnezzar of the Babylonian Empire
Again, on this
date in 70 A.D., the Roman armies under Titus and Vespacian attacked
The 9th of Av Disasters
Similarly, on the 9th day of Av, known as Tish B’Av, when the twelve spies returned from scouting out the land of Canaan, and brought back a faithless, evil report, causing the children of Israel to lose heart and faith, and to curse Moses, God punished them for their disobedience and lack of faith, and declared that generation would perish in the wilderness – they would wander for 40 years, a year for each day the spies had scouted out the land (Numbers 14:34).
This date also
became a day of national mourning for the Jews.
It also is a day of infamy. On
this date, in
586-7 B.C., king Nebuchadnezzar burned down the
In fact, over
the centuries and millennia, no less than eight of the greatest disasters
witnessed in the history of
1) The twelve spies return with their report on the 9th day of Av. You can read about this in Numbers 14.
2) The destruction of Solomon’s temple by the Babylonians in 587 B.C.
3) The destruction of the second temple by the Romans in A.D.70
The Roman army plowed
5) The destruction of Simeon Bar Kochba’s army in 135 A.D.
World War I was declared on Av 9; in 1914.
Grant Jeffrey writes, “On the
ninth of Av,
All these traumatic occurred on the 9th day of Av. The odds that all eight events would occur by chance alone on the 9th of Av, rather than by God’s design, is equal to one chance in 863 zillion!
Writes Grant Jeffrey, “The phenomenon of eight major historical disasters affecting one nation over thirty-five centuries happening on the same anniversary day is totally unprecedented in human history. As a student of history for the last twenty years I can assure you that I have looked, without success, for any such pattern of historical anniversaries or ‘coincidences’ in the history of any nation other than Israel, God’s Chosen People.” He continues:
“In fact, if any of my readers are mathematically inclined, I would suggest that they check the probability that these eight historical tragedies could have occurred by chance rather than by God's foreknowledge and sovereignty. (see figure 3.) Because there are 365 days in a year, the chance that even a second significant historical tragedy could occur by chance alone on the anniversary date of a previous tragedy on a given day, say, the ninth day of Av (August), is 1 chance in 365. The odds against a third similar event occurring on the exact same day, the ninth day of Av, is:
1 times 365 times 365 = 133,225
“In other words, the odds against only three of these disasters occurring by chance alone on the ninth day of Av is only:
1 Chance in 133,225
“The odds that all eight events would occur by chance alone on the ninth day of Av, rather than by God’s design, is equal to:
1 x 365 x 365 x 365 x 365 x 365 x 365 x 365 x 365 =
one chance in 863,078,009,300,000,000
1 Chance in 863 Zillion
“It is important to remember that the
above probability analysis only considers eight of the anniversary events,
those which occurred on the ninth day of the biblical month Av. In all, there
are more than forty anniversary events in
consideration of these facts will lead many to believe, with this author, that
the only rational explanation for this phenomenon is that God has His hand upon
the Jews and
In the Book
of Our Heritage by Eliyahu Kitov, volume 3, “The Month of Tammuz” we
discover a lot of insight into what happened – the tragedies and disasters – on
these two months including our forefathers starting with Moses at Sinai. There
are lessons that we need to learn from that time and those events. Says Kitov, “Tammuz is the fourth month counting from Nisan and is
referred to as such in Scripture. On the third of Tammuz, Joshua caused
the sun and the moon to stop and their light remained for 36 consecutive hours
so that Israel could exact retribution from her enemies (Joshua 10:12-13).” God
also fought for
Because of the
dire tragedies that occurred Biblically between 17 Tammuz and 9 Av, this is a
time to reflect on sin and punishment, iniquity and retribution – not only on
There are days
The apostle Paul wrote, concerning the “Wilderness Generation,” “But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness” (I Cor.10:5). “Now these things became our EXAMPLES, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. And do not become idolaters as were some of them . . . nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did . . . nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted . . . nor complain as some of them also complained” (verses 6-10).
Paul went on, “Now all these things happened to them as EXAMPLES, and they were written for OUR admonition, upon whom the ends of the world have come. Therefore let him who thinks he stands take heed lest he fall” (I Cor.10:11-12).
These things were recorded for OUR learning (Rom.15:4).
By remembering these misdeeds, which we continue to repeat and which bring on similar calamities from generation to generation, we are motivated to return to the proper path of life. Numbers 26:40 says, “They shall confess their sins and the sins of their ancestors.” Each person should use these days to engage in self-examination, to examine HISTORY, and to learn the lessons of the past, and to repent.
We read in Jonah
The Mishnah actually records five calamitous events occurring on the Tammuz 17th.
Moses smashes the 1st two tablets of God’s
commands when he saw the golden calf and the idolatrous actions of
2) The offering of the daily sacrifice was suspended
3) The (wall of the) city was breached
4) Apustamus the wicked burned the Torah
5) An idol was placed inside the Sanctuary
Says Eliyahu Kitov, Moses told the people “after 40 days have passed, in the beginning of the sixth hour, I shall return and bring you the Torah”. According to Eliyahu Kitov, the faith which the people had in Moses and in his every word was greater than that man would normally place even in something which he sees or knows himself. They assumed the day on which Moses ascended the mountain was the first of the 40 days to be counted. Rather, the day he ascended was to be counted as a “partial” day, so he was to return on the 17th of Tammuz.
So when it appeared that Moses had told them something that had failed to come true, and by their reckoning he did not return at the appointed time, they became confused. They lost their faith and suddenly were plagued with doubts and fears, losing control of their senses.
Says Kitov, “On the sixteenth of Tammuz Satan came and brought with him darkness and confusion. . . . He told them [on Tammuz 16], ‘The sixth [hour] has come [i.e., he should have already returned],’ but they paid no attention to him. ‘He is dead!’ [Satan said],’ but they paid no attention to him. He showed them the image of his [Moses’] deathbed (Shabbos 89a)” (vol.3, p.899). At this point, “they became like people who witness the collapse of Heaven and earth and lose control of their senses” (ibid.). So they said to Aaron, “make us gods to go before us” (Exo.32:1).
How was it possible for a nation who had witnessed a vision of God, who heard Him speak, could turn to idolatry so quickly? Says Kitov, “How was it possible that almost the entire nation should be ensnared by a common transgression without becoming divided into different groups with differing point of views and how did it happen that not one member of the tribe of Levi was drawn to worship the false god? . . .
“The matter may be understood as follows: In the preparation for receiving the Torah God purified their souls and they accepted the Torah as if they were a ‘single man with a single heart.’ But when they built the golden calf, God forbid that we should think that they were all united in doing so; they were in fact divided into many different groups.”
“When they approached Aaron and told him: Make us a god, almost all of them meant it for the sake of Heaven. They wanted to fully participate so that through their actions, a power equivalent to Moshe—who would go before them—would emerge.
“When the calf emerged as a result of the sorcery of those among them who had been steeped in idolatry, their differences of opinion came to the fore. The few among them who had been fervent practitioners of idolatry instantly fell back into their pagan habits. They were warned but paid no attention.
numerous than the first group, maintained a vestige of their previous
inclination to worship idols, for the desire to worship pagan cults had not
been totally erased from within them. But the awesome effect of the revelation
“Still others were stunned by the awful scene they witnessed and ridiculed those who worshiped the calf as well as those who were steadfast in their faith. They saw that both factions were cursing each other and they said: ‘Both groups are equally wrong,’ and they denigrated both.
The factions were divided in their attitude toward the golden calf; nevertheless, God described their actions to Moshe as if they were all guilty of idolatry.
Why were they all guilty? “Why then were the righteous so indignant? Why did they say there was no hope for those who had worshipped the idol? It could only be they too ascribed a measure of substance to the idol!” (page 901). Even the righteous were wrong, and sinned, in that they did not understand that no matter how grievous and great the mistake, their brethren could be forgiven.
Moshe descended from the mountain the next day, and called to the people: Whoever is for God, come to me, the tribe of Levi alone came forward. Levi differed from the righteous of the other tribes only in that they were completely obedient to Moshe like a disciplined army awaiting command of their leader. Moses restored order by judging all who had sinned intentionally and punished them.
Kitov says, “The
number of people who actually worshiped the calf was a small minority of the
nation. When they left
Kitov asks, “Why, then, did He, Who sees into the future and foresaw all the generations, bring it about that this generation of knowledge be culpable of these serious transgressions?
The Way of Repentance
“The answer is
that it was done to teach the way of repentance to the multitudes.
A long, perilous
road filled with tests of poverty and wealth, of servitude and freedom lay
before them which could stretch for thousands of years before they would reach
the end of time. Numerous pitfalls on the road down through the centuries could
No matter what we have done, or what sin we have committed, there is still forgiveness possible. God wants no one to ever say: “We have become immersed in sin and the road to repentance is therefore blocked before us and we are destined to be lost forever.” Says Kitov, “God taught them—and all subsequent generations—the path of return to Him. . . No generation could commit a more serious sin than the generation that dwelled in the desert, yet even they were returned by God and transformed into His inheritance” (p.905).
always holds out His hand to
The major lessons of the 17 of Tammuz transgression and resulting calamity, by our forefathers, is that THERE IS STILL ROOM FOR REPENTANCE! There is still time for our wicked, evil and iniquitous modern generation to repent and find the way open to return to God!
As James wrote, “Therefore submit to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. Draw near to God and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. . . . Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and He will lift you up” (James 4:7-10).
Seeing troubles mounting around the world, and economic disaster, and growing terrorism, many are worried, anxious, and discouraged. You must stop Satan from getting a hold of your mind and convincing you to lose hope and give up. Fear God and keep His commandments. Discouragement is one of the devil’s frequent and foremost wiles. As long as we have breath we can praise and glorify God with a repentant attitude and spirit. God does not tolerate rebellion.
As long as we repent, nothing is too great for God to forgive or conquer. God works all things together for good to them that love Him, to them that are the called according to His purpose (Romans -39). Even our sins can work together for our good when we repent of them, because they teach us lessons of what not to follow or do, in the future. A man that was deceived and admits he has been deceived has thereby learned something. He knows NOW what not to believe!
The month of Av
concludes this period of mourning and fasting which commemorates the
destruction of the first and second
The Jews were
also expelled from
The calamities and woes of the ninth of Av trace back to the generation in the wilderness, again, who lost faith and refused to go in to conquer the Promised Land, after a negative report by ten of the twelve spies sent in to spy out the land.
God told Israel to GO UP
AND INHABIT the Promised Land
which He gave to them, but they did not believe Him (Deut.1:21-32). God described it as abundant and flowing with
milk and honey (Exo.3:17).
“And they gave
the children of
the land. They denied God’s words. They lost faith, even though these were the
same men who stood before God at
“Say to them, ‘As I live,’ says the LORD, ‘just as you have spoken in My hearing, so will I do to you: The carcasses of you who have complained against Me shall fall in the wilderness,, all of you who were numbered, according to your entire number, from twenty years old and above’” (Num.14:27-29).
God told them that they wept for no reason—“your own mouth has condemned you and your generation will die in the wilderness.” This was on “Tish B’Av” that God set upon them as a time (date) of weeping throughout all their generations. So it has been throughout history that calamities have befallen them on this specific day.
generation that came up to the Holy Land was filled with knowledge having seen
with their own eyes the great wonders, signs and miracles performed by God in
Egypt and at the Red Sea. They had perceived God and heard His voice speaking
How a wise
nation can speak so foolishly is puzzling. How could this happen? First look at human nature. Not all men merit
that this nearness to God is beneficial. Not everyone achieves a sense of
goodness from being constantly near to God. Some get anxious and afraid to be
too close to God and do not seek to cleave to God’s nearness due to fear they
will not measure up to His standard. They know that God is a holy God, just,
righteous, and will not requite the wicked.
Eliyahu Kitov declares, “One who walks with faith, walks with certainty.” But he goes on, “When the spies returned and reported to Moshe and the entire people, they spoke truthfully and supplied no new information. . . . But the spies, in their report, added a superfluous word: Efes – ‘only,’ and said: Efes – the nation that inhabits the land is powerful” – Numbers . “They were held culpable because they added the word, which brought those listening to conclude that there was no alternative but to fail in any confrontation. . . . But when the spies added the restrictive efes they revealed the FEAR that was in their own hearts” (Kitov, p.945).
They should have had FAITH IN GOD! All creation is the handiwork of God – the stars in the galaxies, the teeming life on planet Earth, the clouds in the sky, the dry land, mountains and prairies, the magnificent oceans, rivers and lakes – ALL was made by God, is kept functioning smoothly by God and upheld by His mighty power. Even the fragile wild flowers, the tiny hummingbird, the Monarch butterfly, all are the works of Almighty God.
He who created it all, and created mankind – how can He not also deliver His people when they are in danger?
The spies said,
“efes (ONLY/BUT)” the nations that inhabit the land are powerful”
(Numbers ). The spies were
blamable and culpable BECAUSE they added that word. If they had just said the truth that the
nations that inhabit the land are powerful, the listeners would have said, “We
are even more powerful.” If they had
reported that the Amalekites dwelt there, then those listening would have said,
“Well we will destroy them just as we destroyed them when we came out of
However, adding the restrictive word efes (but/except) the spies revealed the fear that was in their own hearts. They believed God was capable of doing miracles, and deliver the powerful into the hands of the weak and the few, but they did not believe they were worthy of these miracles and that they would occur for them.
They had to rely, not on the natural order of things, but on miracles. Natural order only appears to be a natural order. God sustains everything. There is nothing natural about what we call natural and take for granted. All creation is unnatural. What is natural is “nothingness.”
It took the creative acts and power of God to bring into existence Creation and it is all sustained by His almighty power, love, and law. In that sense, everything around us is a miracle of God. All life is surrounded with miracles.
The spies who
went into the Promised Land did not reveal the full extent of their fears, they
only alluded to them. CALEB then raised his voice of FAITH affirming that
Says Eliyahu Kitov, “For Israel, the miraculous is natural, for God desires them even when they sin. A father never becomes disgusted with his son nor does he hate him even when he is angry” (p.945-6).
“Let us ascend and take possession of it” (Numbers ). Caleb had faith
in his heart.
In truth and
reality, their words were directed against God. God desires
But at the
Do we have the faith to endure to the end? Do we have the FAITH to enter the Kingdom? The Moffatt translation says, “From the days of John the Baptist until now, they are pressing into the Realm of heaven – these eager souls are taking it by force” (Matt.11:12).
The apostle Paul declared, “For the love of money is the root of all evil. . . . Shun that, O man of God, aim at integrity, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, modesty; fight in the good fight of the faith, secure that life eternal to which you were called” (I Tim.6:10-12, Moffatt).
Jesus Christ, Yeshua, declared, “The conqueror will obtain this, and I will be his God, and he shall be my son; but as for the craven, the faithless, the abominable, as for murderers, the immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and liars of all kinds – their lot is the lake that blazes with fire and brimstone” (Revelation 21:7-8).
Says Kitov of that generation, “Indeed, they were unworthy of
ascending into the Land. Moshe
had told the spies when they set out: Be
strong and take from the fruit of the Land (Bemidbar ). One
who desires to taste the fruits and sate himself from the goodness of the Land
What about you? Is your faith in God and His Word real, solid, tangible, palpable, forceful, dynamic, strong?
The Israelites, having lost faith, wept for no real reason. So for this God ordained that the ninth of Av would be a remembrance of the calamity resulting from lack of faith and forceful conviction. Says Kitov, “ ‘You wept for no reason, and I shall set [this day] for you as a time of weeping throughout the generations (Ta’anis 29b)” (p.948).
If we are to enter God’s Kingdom, we must also “Be strong; take hold” (Numbers ). The apostle Paul explains: “To conclude. Be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might; put on God’s armour, so as to be able to stand against the stratagems of the devil. for we have to struggle, not with blood and flesh but with the angelic Rulers, the angelic Authorities, the potentates of the dark present, the spirit-forces of evil in the heavenly sphere. So take God’s armour so that you may be able to make a stand upon the evil day and hold your ground by overcoming all the foe” (Eph.6:10-13, Moffatt).
During the entire period of 40 years of wandering, not a single Israelite – not one – died of natural causes, nor were they weakened by old age. The only deaths that occurred in the wilderness were the result of transgressions.
Says Kitov, “Commencing from the first Tish B’Av when the decree was issued, the date was fixed as a time of mourning and eulogies throughout their stay in the wilderness, for all those who reached the age of sixty died on Tish B’Av” (p.950).
The nation was
made up of a large number of elderly men and women, widows of the 600,000 men
of military age who had been affected by the divine decree. Even those who did die in the wilderness as a
result of the decree of God died only when they reached the age of 60. God
An equal number
of males were born each year. There were 603,550 men who left
Thus they would do each year for 40 years on every Tish B’Av. All who had not reached the age of 60 would remain alive. Those who had passed the age of 60 would die during the night and be covered in the morning. Those who were still alive would get up, and fill in the empty grave. None were to be left open during the year. The people would say, maybe God would have mercy on the remnant and rescind His decree before the coming year.
This is the Midrash account of the decree that was issued in the second year and applicable for 37 years. God had said that corresponding to the number of days that they spied out the land, 40 days, a year for a day, they would bear their sins for 40 years (Numbers 13:34). The two years that passed before the decree were counted as part of the 40 years and the men began to die only on the 3rd year of Tish B’Av.
On the last year
no men died, for God remitted the final payment. This left some 45,000 men who
were subject to the decree that were not affected by it. On the last year of
Tish B’Av of
As believers in and followers of the Messiah, Yeshua, we are today traversing a formidable wilderness – a spiritual wilderness. We are in the wilderness today, struggling, striving, and enduring until we get to the Kingdom (The Promised Land) of God.
In order to enter God’s Kingdom, it is required of us that we hold fast the faith in confidence and rejoicing in joy in the hope of the kingdom always until the end comes.
The apostle Paul wrote, “Today, if you will hear His voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of trial in the wilderness, where your fathers tested Me, tried Me, and saw My works forty years. Therefore I was angry with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart, and they have not known My ways.’ So I swore in My wrath, ‘They shall not enter My rest’” (Heb.3:7-11).
Paul continued, “BEWARE, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God; but exhort one another DAILY, which it is called ‘Today,’ lest any of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end” (Heb.3:12-14).
We need to learn to commit everything to God and place our faith in Him. Beware, lest there be an evil heart of unbelief in any of you. Doubt causes departure from the living God. Exhort, encourage one another daily lest any of you become hardened and calloused to the deceitfulness of sin.
The devil, a liar and the father of liars, will tell you that God will not forgive you, because your sin is too great and He doesn’t really love you. Trust and have faith in God. Tell the devil, “Get you hence, Satan, be-gone! God is greater than my sin and weakness! I can conquer THROUGH CHRIST, who died for me, and who is now at the right hand of God!”
As Paul declared: “I CAN DO ALL THINGS THROUGH CHRIST WHO STRENGHENS ME” (Phil.4:13). Or, as the Amplified Bible says, “Yet amid all these things WE ARE MORE THAN CONQUERORS through Him Who loved us” (Rom.8:37).
Paul goes on: “Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us FEAR LEST any of you seem to come short of it. For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it” (Heb.4:1-2).
Paul continues, “Let us therefore be DILIGENT to enter that rest, lest anyone FALL according to the same example of DISOBEDIENCE. For the Word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart” (Heb.4:11-12).
We have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our faith steadfast to the end. For 40 years God was angry with those that sinned, lost their faith, and rebelled which is as the sin of witchcraft and idolatry. Those who did not obey did not enter His rest. God told them to go in and conquer the land. They said “No, it is too hard, we can’t do it.” They could not enter in because of unbelief. Unbelief led to disobedience. Disobedience is sin. The wages of sin is death (Romans ).
What about Us, Brethren?
To receive the promise of entering God’s Kingdom, we need to learn the lessons of Tammuz 17 and Tish B’Av – the “time between the straits.” We must EXAMINE ourselves, and REPENT of our sins.
This is a good time to do so, leading up to the Fall Festival of Tabernacles. From this time through the month of Elul, until Yom Kippur, is a time for self-reflection, self-examination, and putting away all sin.
The apostle Paul declares,, “EXAMINE YOURSELVES as to whether you are IN THE FAITH. TEST YOURSELVES. Do you not know yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you? – unless you are reprobates” (II Cor.13:5).
As Moffatt puts it, Paul says to us, “Put yourselves to the proof, not me; test yourselves, to see if you are in the faith. Do you not understand that Christ Jesus is within you? Otherwise you must be failures.”
Or as the Amplified Parallel Bible says: “Examine and test and evaluate your own selves to see whether you are holding to your faith and showing the proper fruits of it. Test and prove yourselves [not Christ]. Do you not yourselves realize and know [thoroughly by an ever-increasing experience] that Jesus Christ is in you – unless you are [counterfeits] disapproved on trial and rejected?”
What about it?
Will you enter His rest? Do you combine faith in God with obedience to His Word? Are you learning the lessons of the “times between the straits”?